6. Bootstrap Volto#
For the most up-to-date information on how to get started with Volto, the official Plone documentation is the canonical version. A copy of this information is placed here, with the caveat that it is probably already out of date by the time you're reading this.
6.1. Install nvm (NodeJS version manager)#
Open a terminal console and type:
touch ~/.bash_profile curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/creationix/nvm/v0.39.1/install.sh | bash
(Please check the latest available version of nvm on the main README
Close the terminal and open a new one or execute:
Install any active LTS version of NodeJS (https://github.com/nodejs/release#release-schedule):
nvm install 16 nvm use 16
If you're using the fish shell, you can use nvm.fish
Volto supports currently active NodeJS LTS versions based on NodeJS Releases page, starting with Node 12 LTS.
6.2. Yarn (NodeJS package manager)#
Install the Yarn Classic version (not the 2.x one!), of the popular node package manager.
Open a terminal and type:
curl -o- -L https://yarnpkg.com/install.sh | bash
Test it, running:
As alternative, you can install
yarnusing several approaches too, depending on the platform you are on. Take a look at the original
yarndocumentation for a list of them.
6.3. Use or Install Docker#
In order to run the API backend, it's recommended to start run it in a container. For this getting started section we assume you are either using Linux, or Mac. Most modern Linux distributions have docker in their package manager available.
To install Docker desktop for Mac, here are the detailed instructions:
Download the appropriate .dmg for your Intel or Apple chip.
Install the package as any other Mac software, if required, follow instructions from:
Check that docker is installed correctly, open a new terminal and type:
should not throw an error and show the current running containers.
6.4. Run a Volto ready Plone Docker container#
When you have installed Docker, you can use the official Plone Docker container with the proper configuration for Volto using the
plone.volto add'on right away by issuing:
docker run -it --rm --name=plone \ -p 8080:8080 -e SITE=Plone -e \ ADDONS="plone.restapi==8.18.0 plone.app.iterate==4.0.2 plone.rest==2.0.0a1 plone.app.vocabularies==4.3.0 plone.volto==3.1.0a8" \ -e PROFILES="plone.volto:default-homepage" \ plone/plone-backend
This setup is meant only for demonstration and quick testing purposes (since it destroys the container on exit (--rm)). In case you need production ready deployment, check the latest Plone Deployment Training.
The example above does not persist yet any changes you make through Volto in the Plone docker container backend! For this you need to map the /data directory in the container properly. Check Docker storage documentation for more information.
As a quick example: if you add
to the previous example. The local subdirectory plone-data relative to where you
docker run will be use to persist the backend server data.
If you are somewhat familiar with Python development, you can also install Plone locally without using Docker. Check the backend configuration section. It also has more information on plone.volto.
6.5. Install Volto#
Use the project generator helper utility.
Open a terminal and execute:
$ npm install -g yo @plone/generator-volto $ yo @plone/volto
Answer to the prompted questions and provide the name of the new app (folder) to be created. For the sake of this documentation, provide
myvoltoprojectas project name then.
You can run the generator with parameters to tailor your requirements.
yo @plone/volto --help
or take a look at the README for more information.
Change directory to the newly created folder
myvoltoapp(or the one you've chosen):
Then start Volto with:
This command will build an in-memory bundle and execute Volto in development mode. Open a browser to take a look at http://localhost:3000
create-volto-appwas deprecated from January 2021, in favor of @plone/generator-volto.
6.6. Build the production bundle#
In production environments, you should build an static version of your (Volto) app. The app should be run in a node process (because of the server side rendering part), but it also have a client part that is provided and deployed by the server side rendering process.
Compile the app using the command:
The resultant build is available in the
Run the Volto Nodejs process
to run the node process with the production build. You can also run it manually:
NODE_ENV=production node build/server.js
Your production ready Volto will be available in http://localhost:3000