10. Redux – Effective Volto – Architecture

10. Redux#

Redux is the app-state store that Volto uses. It's been the gold standard in this matter since years ago. It's deep integration into React lifecycle allows the app to update the "live-wired components" and re-render them every time the store updates information that is relevant to that component.

It's based in actions/reducers pattern and it's used all across Volto. Volto uses it also to store server-state on it, updating every time that the server state changes.

Volto's use of Redux is "typical" and you can find plenty examples in Volto's code base.

In modern Redux, a component can connect with a value in the store. When developing a class component, you have to wrap it in the connect HOC, which injects a sliced state as a React component prop.

export default compose(
    (state, props) => ({
      loading: state.emailNotification.loading,
      loaded: state.emailNotification.loaded,
      error: state.emailNotification.error,
      pathname: props.location.pathname,
    { emailNotification },

In functional components you need to use the useSelector hook:

import React from 'react';
import { formatDate, long_date_format } from '@plone/volto/helpers/Utils/Date';
import { useSelector } from 'react-redux';

 * Friendly formatting of dates
const FormattedDate = ({
}) => {
  const language = useSelector((state) => locale || state.intl.locale);
  const toDate = (d) => (typeof d === 'string' ? new Date(d) : d);
  const args = { date, long, includeTime, format, locale: language };

  return (
      title={new Intl.DateTimeFormat(language, long_date_format).format(
        new Date(toDate(date)),
        ? children(
              formatToParts: true,
        : formatDate(args)}

10.1. Alternatives to Redux#

Volto ships with jotai as a dependency. Jotai is a light-weight alternative to React, using an API inspired by React.useState. Unlike useState(), the jotai state can be shared by components across different render trees, similar to Redux.

import { atom, useAtom } from 'jotai'

const mySharedStateAtom = atom();

function MyComponent(props) {
  const [myVal, setMyVal] = useAtom(mySharedStateAtom);
  return <button onClick={() => setMyVal(val + 1)}>Count up</button>

Another alternative is the React.useContext() and the context providers, which are used in several places in Volto, for example for the Slate richtext editor.