3. Developer roadmap#
If you're coming to Volto as a backend Plone developer, you'll have to learn and adjust to the new frontend-centered development.
But if you already have some frontend development experience any JS frameworks such as Angular, Vue or React, you'll find that Volto is a relatively shallow framework, structured as a typical Redux-centered React application. Although there will be Volto-specific knowledge to be gained along the way, you can be productive in a short time.
As a reference, here's an overview of knowledge and frameworks, for a more complete and accurate picture of the Volto framework.
3.1. The foundation#
React knowledge - basic level is fine for the beginning, you'll progress along the way. React itself is a simple and well documented framework.
3.2. Basic Volto development#
Once you've bootstrapped your Volto project you can already start hacking. Some of the things you can do at this stage:
Volto project-based development
Understand and debug React errors
Understand React component lifecycle
Customize (shadow) Volto's builtin components
Write a new block
Adjust Volto's builtin settings
Extend the Pastanaga theme
Extend the richtext editor capabilities with new buttons and styles
Use the Redux store
Deploy your first project
After you've mastered the foundation and basic Volto development, the learning-curve smoothes out. Volto uses simple and familiar concepts, there is nothing on the level of ZCA that needs to be internalized before you can be really productive.
3.3. Normal, everyday Volto development#
Write new Redux actions and reducers
Create new views for Plone content.
Create a new Volto addon
Integrate addon LESS with Volto's theme variables
Use schema-based forms to write block components
Write new form widgets
Write tests for jest
Write integration tests for Cypress
Split your code and lazy-load libraries, to improve performance
Use more advanced React concepts: hooks, context providers, etc.
Make your code reusable, separate business logic and repeated behaviors as Higher Order Components (HOCs)
Write extensible blocks
Not really advanced but perhaps less common, here's some stuff you can do:
Provide backend-based integration to your Volto code, write plone.restapi endpoints, adapters and other extensions
Custom integration for blocks to the backend using the block transfomers concept
Write Express middleware for Volto's server
Customize Volto's Webpack configuration or project loader using Razzle
Write a Redux middleware
Start hacking on Volto.